Port State Control Performance and Analysis

Port State Control

In 1996, IMO adopted another completely revised version of Chapter III of SOLAS. The new chapter, and a new International Life-Saving Appliance (LSA) Code with specific technical requirements, entered into force on 1 July 1998 and applies to all ships built on or after that date.

With the following publications of the annual reports of PSC regimes and an analysis of ClassNK published recently, an update covering lifeboat related issues and PSC inspections can be downloaded from here (members please login to access).

1) USCG Annual Report 2016-2017
2) AMSA Annual Report 2016
3) Paris MoU Annual Report 2016
4) Tokyo MoU Annual Report 2016
5) Indian Ocean MoU Annual Report 2016
6) ClassNK analysis, Jun 2017

The update includes items of:

1. Life-saving appliances and PSC inspection deficiencies
1.1 PSC annual reports and deficiencies of life-saving appliances
1.2 Details of PSC annual reports on deficiencies of life-saving appliances
1.3 Work in progress at IMO
2. Feedback from seafarers related to lifeboat/liferaft and drills
2.1 Technical issues
2.2 Liferaft
2.3 Lifeboat drill
3. Progress at IMO
3.1 Outcome of MSC 98
3.2 Work in progress at IMO

Members please login to access attachments.


INTERCARGO members and guests had the opportunity to attend a very interesting presentation by the Tokyo MOU Secretariat delivered by Mr Wai-hok LEUNG, Senior Surveyor of Ships, Port State Control Section for Director of Marine, Marine Department, Hong Kong, China.

The presentation was delivered in the context of the INTERCARGO meetings in Hong Kong on 6-7 March 2017 (see relevant article here) during the Presentations afternoon session on the second day.

Members please login to access the full presentation attached.

Issue Summary

INTERCARGO supports accurate measurement of quality, the promotion of quality and the eradication of sub-standard shipping. INTERCARGO works with PSC interests to support :-

  • Harmonised standards and training of inspectors
  • Consistent interpretation on what constitutes clear grounds for inspection
  • The raising of standards of all MoUs to those of the global best.

 Please click here and use the INTERCARGO Reporting Form to report problems and concerns.


The function of port State control is to ensure that shipping conforms to the regulatory requirements of internationally agreed Conventions.   Of the 9 Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) areas plus the US Coast Guard, almost all have publicly accessible targeting matrices, selecting vessels based on empirically defined risks associated with owners past performance, vessel type, flag, age, Classification Society etc.  In the overwhelming majority of cases, targeting and inspection is professionally undertaken leading to a safer and more environmentally friendly Industry.

INTERCARGO fully supports the enforcement of regulation through the PSC process. By making detailed information available to the PSC authorities and all other interested parties through our annual “Benchmarking” Report, INTERCARGO provides a transparent and statistically verifiable statement on the performance of various stakeholders including ships entered by INTERCARGO members, thereby encouraging continuous improvement. The strategic aim of INTERCARGO is therefore to "support the MoU policies of rewarding (through fewer inspections) the owners and operators of vessels that perform highly during PSC inspections and to target/improve the below average stakeholders".

Issue Summary

There are some reports of dry bulk vessels abeing damaged through specific operational practices at certain terminals.


Although a comparatively rare phenomena, INTERCARGO believes that owners should be aware of the effects of harsh terminal operations on the structural integrity of the ship and should take whatever steps are necessary – including the use of appropriate Charterparty Clauses, to create an improved operational environment in the ship-port interface.

Summary of Recent Developments

For many years, INTERCARGO has encouraged its members to complete a Terminal Report Form, outlining allegations of stevedore damage.

Interest in completing and returning such forms to INTERCARGO has waned considerably in recent years and in recognition of this fact, INTERCARGO switched over to a system whereby Masters were encouraged to return such forms only in cases where some negative or exceptional issue had been encountered.  From the forms that have been returned to INTERCARGO in the last 1-2 years, only a very tiny minority – less than 2%, showed any reported ship damage through stevedore action and although information was incomplete, there appeared to be no cases where the damage and compensation was not effectively resolved before the ship left the terminal.

Using other industry data, the following terminal or cargo issues were reported in 2008 although it can be assumed that the figures given show an under-reporting of the true numbers of cases.

Issues connected with the cargo crane of the ship – 4
Cargo quality / contamination of the ship through dust – 2
Stevedore damage – 3
Deck cargo lost (logger) - 1

Stevedore damage invariable involved the loading or discharge of scrap or steel cargoes.

However, the issue of concern raised by INTERCARGO members concerned the inadequacy of fendering at a very limited number of terminals where cargoes are effectively transhipped using crane barges or other fixed transhipment systems.  Without proper and adequate fendering systems, a rubbing motion caused by tidal movement can cause damage to the Bulk Carrier.

8 Jun 2016: -

The Report of the CIC on Crew Familiarisation on Enclosed Space Entry, carried out jointly by Paris MoU and Tokyo MoU members in September to November of 2015 can be downloaded here. The PSC regimes will continue to pay attention to the correct execution of enclosed space entry drills as 7.9% of drills were found to be unsatisfactory found during the CIC.

Please click here and use the INTERCARGO Reporting Form to report problems and concerns.

Click here to download the ABS publication:

Click here to download the DNV GL publication:
Port State Control Quick Guide with most common detainable items

Click here to download:
Results of the 2014 Paris and Tokyo MoUs Concentrated Inspection Campaign (CIC) on STCW hours of rest Submitted by the Paris and Tokyo MoUs SUMMARY Executive summary, dated 6 Apr 2016 

Click here to download:

Flag Administrations targeted by the United States Coast Guard, the Paris MoU and the Tokyo MoU Submitted by the United States, the Paris MoU and the Tokyo MoU SUMMARY Executive summary, dated 6 Apr 2016


1 Mar 2016:- Concentrated Inspection Campaign (CIC) - Latest Developments

Concentrated Inspection Campaign on Crew Familiarization for Enclosed Space Entry in Paris MoU has raised awareness

PSCO’s in the Tokyo MoU and Paris MoU regions have performed a joint Concentrated Inspection Campaign (CIC) on Crew Familiarization for Enclosed Space Entry from 1 September through 30 November 2015.

In general the results of the CIC indicate that the subject of Enclosed Space Entry is taken seriously by the industry. The CIC did not lead to an increase in the rate of detentions however the actual compliance, shown in drills, could be better. 7.9% of drills were found to be unsatisfactory.

Preliminary results on Enclosed Space Entry for the Paris MoU show that 3776 inspections have been performed using the CIC questionnaire. Of those inspections 54 detentions have CIC topic related deficiencies. The total number of detentions in the 3-month period was 160.

The detention percentage for the CIC period is similar to the average annual percentage. A satisfactory level of compliance was shown and the time invested was well spent to raise awareness of enclosed space entry procedures and check compliance on an important topic where lives can be at stake.

Further analysis will be done on the inspection results to see whether there are any recommendations that could be made to industry, flag States or MoUs. Results of the detailed analysis will be discussed at the annual Committee meeting in May 2016 and the Committee will decide whether or not to publish the results of the CIC.

(Source: Press release of Paris MOU, 22 Feb 2016)


21 Dec 2015: -

Port State Control Performance and Analysis of bulk carriers in 2014

With reference to the enclosed PSC Annual Reports in 2014, summary of PSC performance of bulk carrier in 2014 was made as follows: